Somatic copy number alteration and fragmentation analysis in circulating tumor DNA for cancer screening and treatment monitoring in colorectal cancer patients

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001006490 Other

Study Description

Background: Analysis of circulating free DNA (cfDNA) is a promising tool for personalized management of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. Untargeted cfDNA analysis using whole-genome sequencing (WGS) does not need a priori knowledge of the patient´s mutation profile. Methods: Here we established LIquid biopsy Fragmentation, Epigenetic signature and Copy Number Alteration analysis (LIFE-CNA) using WGS with ~6x coverage for detection of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) in CRC patients as a marker for CRC detection and monitoring. Results: We describe the analytical validity and a clinical proof-of-concept of LIFE-CNA using a total of 259 plasma samples collected from 50 patients with stage I-IV CRC and 61 healthy controls. To reliably distinguish CRC patients from healthy controls, we determined cutoffs for the detection of ctDNA based on global and regional cfDNA fragmentation patterns, transcriptionally active chromatin sites, and SCNAs. We further combined global and regional fragmentation pattern into a machine learning classifier to accurately predict ctDNA for cancer ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
This dataset contains: 1.) Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) data (~6x) of 259 cfDNA samples obtained from 50 colorectal cancer (CRC) patients and 61 healthy controls. Paired-end sequencing was performed with 2x101 bp reads on the NovaSeq 6000 system. Data is provided as mapped .bam files (aligned to GRCh38/hg38). 2.) WGS data (~1x) of 50 tumor biopsy and 45 saliva samples from CRC patients. Paired-end sequencing was performed with 2x101 bp reads on the NovaSeq 6000 system. Data is provided as ... (Show More)
Illumina NovaSeq 6000 354

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