Single-cell transcriptomics identifies pathogenic T-helper 17.1 cells and pro-inflammatory monocytes in ICI-related pneumonitis

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001006762 Other

Study Description

ICI-pneumonitis is a frequent serious adverse event of cancer immunotherapy hinging on a cell-mediated immune response, though the exact pathophysiology is currently unknown. Using single-cell transcriptomics, an enrichment of pathogenic (TBX21, RORC, IFNG, IL17A, CSF2 expressing) T-helper 17.1 cells and pro-inflammatory (TNF, IL1B, IL6, IL23A expressing) monocytes was identified in ICI-pneumonitis bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, putatively engaging in a feedforward inflammatory loop. This finding yields several novel therapeutic targets for the treatment of ICI-pneumonitis. Most notably repurposing anti-IL-23 merits further research as a potential efficacious and safe treatment for ICI-pneumonitis.

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
Dataset containing the FASTQ files of RNA (scr*) and TCR (vdj*) sequencing of 17 bronchoalveolar lavage fluid samples collected from ICI pneumonitis (n=11) and control (n=6) patients. To comply with GDPR regulations, please note that individual sample identifiers used for this data deposit (alphabetical ID) are different from and cannot be traced back to the patient identifiers used throughout the manuscript (numerical ID).
Illumina NovaSeq 6000 17

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