Oxford Human Islet Data Access Committee

Dac ID Contact Person Email Access Information
EGAC00001000335 Anna L Gloyn agloyn [at] stanford [dot] edu No additional information is available

This DAC controls 9 datasets:

Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001001601 The intersection of genome-wide association analyses with physiological and functional data indicates that variants regulating islet gene transcription influence type 2 diabetes (T2D) predisposition and glucose homeostasis. However, the specific genes through which these regulatory variants act remain poorly characterized. To identify such effector transcripts for T2D and glycemic traits, we generated expression quantitative trait locus (eQTL) data in 118 human islet samples using RNA-sequencing and high-density genotyping. Illumina HiSeq 2000 118
EGAD00001002148 Directed differentiation of stem cells offers a scalable solution to the need for human cell models recapitulating islet biology and T2D pathogenesis. We profiled mRNA expression at six stages of an induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) model of endocrine pancreas development from two donors, and characterized the distinct transcriptomic profiles associated with each stage. Established regulators of endodermal lineage commitment, such as SOX17 (log2 fold change [FC] compared to iPSCs=14.2, p-value=4.9x10-5) and the pancreatic agenesis gene GATA6 (log2 FC=12.1, p-value=8.6x10-5), showed transcriptional variation consistent with their known developmental roles. However, these analyses highlighted many other genes with stage-specific expression patterns, some of which may be novel drivers or markers of islet development. For example, the leptin receptor gene, LEPR, was most highly expressed in published data from in vivo-matured cells compared to the endocrine pancreas-like cells (log2 FC=5.5, p-value=2.0x10-12), suggesting a role for the leptin pathway in the maturation process. Endocrine pancreas-like cells showed significant stage-selective expression of adult islet genes, including INS, ABCC8, and GLP1R, and enrichment of relevant GO-terms (e.g. “insulin secretion”; odds ratio=4.2, p-value=1.9x10-3): however, principal component analysis indicated that in vitro-differentiated cells were more immature than adult islets. Integration of the stage-specific expression information with genetic data from T2D genome-wide association studies revealed that 46 of 82 T2D-associated loci harbor genes present in at least one developmental stage, facilitating refinement of potential effector transcripts. Together, these data show that expression profiling in an iPSC islet development model can further understanding of islet biology and T2D pathogenesis. Illumina HiSeq 2000 12
EGAD00001003759 ATAC-seq data for 5 non-diabetic human pancreatic islet samples Illumina HiSeq 2500 5
EGAD00001003807 Whole transcriptome RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) of human induced pluripotent stem cell lines from three independent donors at seven islet developmental stages: definitive endoderm (DE), primitive gut tube (GT), posterior foregut (PF), pancreatic endoderm (PE), endocrine progenitors (EP), endocrine-like cells (EN), and beta-like cells (BLC). Illumina HiSeq 2000 24
EGAD00001003911 We generated human induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) lines with a GFP reporter inserted in the endogenous NKX6.1 locus. Characterisation of the reporter lines demonstrated faithful GFP labelling of NKX6.1 expression during pancreas and motor neuron differentiation. We performed three independent in vitro differentiations towards the pancreatic endocrine lineage. We FACS-purified GFP positive and negative cells from stage 7 cultures, and generated Smart-Seq2 RNA-sequencing libraries for the pre-sorted cells, as well as the two GFP-sorted cell populations. Gene expression profiling by RNA-sequencing reveals that the NKX6.1-positive population closely resembles mature human beta cells and the functional evaluation of purified populations shows that the glucose-responsive beta-like cells are enriched within the NKX6.1-positive population. These reporter lines provide a valuable resource to the scientific community for the derivation of functional relevant pancreas and neuronal cell subtypes. Illumina HiSeq 4000 15
EGAD00001003946 DNA from 10 human pancreatic islet samples was processed for Whole-genome Bisulphite Sequencing. The resulting libraries were sequenced on an Illumina Hiseq 2000 to generate 100bp paired-end read data. The resulting fastq.gz and mapped bam files were deposited. Illumina HiSeq 2000 10
EGAD00001003947 18 human pancreatic islet preparations derived from 17 donors were processed for ATAC-seq. The data was generated on an Illumina Hiseq 2500 sequencing machine to generate 50bp paired end read data. The resulting fastq.gz and mapped bam files were deposited. Illumina HiSeq 2500 18
EGAD00001004824 This dataset contains 27 mapped bam files. The samples were generated with 3 different protocols for deriving pancreatic progenitors from hPSC. Three parallel differentiations were performed, all done in a hPSC NKX6.1-GFP reporter line. For each protocol there are three cellular populations: total (presort), GFP+ and GFP- . In summary: 3 differentiations x 3 protocols x 3 cellular populations. We prepared ATAC-seq libraries for the 27 samples, and sequenced them on Illumina HiSeq4000. Illumina HiSeq 4000 27
EGAD00010001695 Islet_HumanMethylation450K_ThurnerEtAl HumanMethylation450K 41