Dataset

Novel driver variants in the histone 3.3 genes, H3F3A and H3F3B, define bone and cartilage cancer sub-types

Dataset ID Technology Samples
EGAD00001000646 Illumina HiSeq 2000 14

Dataset Description

A selection of human cancers harbours somatic driver mutations in genes encoding histones, most notably childhood brain tumours with K27M substitutions of the histone 3.3 gene, H3F3A. We performed whole genome sequencing of the benign cartilage tumour, chondroblastoma, and targeted sequencing of histone 3.3 genes, H3F3A and H3F3B, in seven further skeletal tumour types. We identified an exceptionally high prevalence of novel histone 3.3 driver mutations at glycine 34 and at lysine 36. Histone 3.3 gene mutations were found in 91% in giant cell tumours of bone (48/53), mainly H3F3A G34W variants, and in 92% of chondroblastoma (73/79), predominantly K36M mutations in H3F3B. H3F3B is paralogous to the cancer gene H3F3A. However, H3F3B driver variants have not previously been reported in human cancer. Our observation demonstrate remarkable tumour-specificity of mutations, with respect to which histone 3.3 gene and residue is mutated, indicating that the advantage these mutations confer is tumour dependent. Moreover, tumour-specific mutation of H3F3A and H3F3B suggests, that although both genes encode identical proteins, they are likely non-redundant and employed differentially during skeletal development.

Who controls access to this dataset

For each dataset that requires controlled access, there is a corresponding Data Access Committee (DAC) who determine access permissions. Access to actual data files is not managed by the EGA. If you need to request access to this data set, please contact:

ICGC Data Access Compliance Office
Contact person: helpdesk
Email: daco [at] icgc-argo [dot] org
Access information: https://docs.icgc-argo.org/docs/data-access/daco/applying
More details: EGAC00001000010

Downloads

You don't have access to the download section.