A compendium of mutational signatures due to environmental exposures

Dataset ID Technology Samples
EGAD00001004583 HiSeq X Ten 324

Dataset Description

Whole-genome-sequencing (WGS) of human tumours has revealed distinct mutation patterns that hint at the causative origins of cancer. We examined mutational-signatures in 324 WGS of human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) following exposure to known or suspected environmental carcinogens. 79 agents were tested with or without metabolic activation at concentrations that produced measurable cytotoxicity; 41 yielded characteristic substitution mutational signatures. Some exhibit similarity with signatures found in human tumours. Additionally, 6 agents produced double-substitution signatures and 8 produced indel signatures. Investigating mutation asymmetries across genome topography reveals fully functional mismatch and transcription-coupled repair pathways in iPSCs. Primary adducts induced by environmental carcinogens can be resolved by disparate repair/replicative pathways, resulting in an assortment of signature outcomes even for a single mutagen. This compendium of experimentally-induced mutational-signatures permits further exploration of roles of environmental agents in cancer aetiology, and underscores how human stem cell DNA is directly vulnerable to environmental agents.

Who controls access to this dataset

For each dataset that requires controlled access, there is a corresponding Data Access Committee (DAC) who determine access permissions. Access to actual data files is not managed by the EGA. If you need to request access to this data set, please contact:

Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute
Contact person: Data Sharing
Email: datasharing [at] sanger [dot] ac [dot] uk
Access information:
More details: EGAC00001000205


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