Tobacco exposure and somatic mutations in normal human bronchial epithelium
That tobacco smoking causes lung cancer is well-established, but we lack quantitative understanding of its effects on genomes of normal bronchial epithelium. We sequenced whole genomes of 632 colonies derived from single bronchial epithelial cells across 16 subjects. Tobacco smoking is the major influence on mutation burden, adding 1000-10,000+ mutations/cell, massively increasing both between-subject and within-subject variance, and generating several distinct signatures of substitutions and indels. A population of cells in subjects with smoking history had mutation burdens equivalent to that expected for never-smokers: these cells lacked tobacco-specific mutational signatures, were four-fold more frequent in ex-smokers than current smokers, and had significantly longer telomeres than their more mutated counterparts. Driver mutations increased in frequency with age, affecting 4-14% of cells in middle-aged never-smokers. In current smokers, ≥25% of cells carried driver mutations and 0-6% cells had 2 or even 3 drivers. Thus, tobacco smoking increases mutation burden, cell-to-cell heterogeneity and driver mutations, but quitting promotes replenishment of bronchial epithelium from mitotically quiescent cells that have avoided tobacco mutagenesis.
- 644 samples
- DAC: EGAC00001000000
- Technology: HiSeq X Ten
- PUB DUO:0000019 (version: 2021-02-23)publication requiredThis data use modifier indicates that requestor agrees to make results of studies using the data available to the larger scientific community.
- US DUO:0000026 (version: 2021-02-23)user specific restrictionThis data use modifier indicates that use is limited to use by approved users.
- IS DUO:0000028 (version: 2021-02-23)institution specific restrictionThis data use modifier indicates that use is limited to use within an approved institution.
- GRU DUO:0000042 (version: 2021-02-23)general research useThis data use permission indicates that use is allowed for general research use for any research purpose.
Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute Cancer Genome Group Data Sharing Policy
Studies are experimental investigations of a particular phenomenon, e.g., case-control studies on a particular trait or cancer research projects reporting matching cancer normal genomes from patients.
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