Immune variation leads to diverse outcomes in human malaria (2020-01-15)

Dataset ID Technology Samples
EGAD00001005790 Illumina HiSeq 2500 30

Dataset Description

Falciparum malaria is clinically heterogeneous and yet in most cases the risk of life-threatening disease dramatically declines after the first few infections of life because children rapidly acquire disease tolerance (resistance to severe malaria without improved control of parasite burden). Identifying the factors that determine clinical outcome in a malaria-naive host is therefore paramount to reduce malaria mortality. However, the relative contribution of disease-causing variants of the Plasmodium var gene family versus pathogenic inflammatory cytokine cascades remains fiercely debated - we sought to reconcile these conflicting arguments by studying their interaction in vivo. To this end, two human challenge models were used to reveal the parasite-host interactions that underpin variation in falciparum malaria. To capture the diversity of human immune responses, each individual was analysed independently by tracking dynamic changes in their whole blood transcriptome through time. And to uncover evidence of preferential expansion of disease-causing variants, var gene expression was tracked in vivo from the start to end of infection. In this way, we could show that group A var genes are always expressed upon liver egress but in a minority population that does not increase over 10-days of blood cycling; there is no selection of disease-causing variants in the naive host. In fact, parasites do not respond in any way to differences or changes in host environment. On the other hand, host-intrinsic variation determines the intensity of inflammation and progression to clinical malaria. And furthermore, regulation of the interferon signaling network controls host fate. These ... (Show More)

Who controls access to this dataset

For each dataset that requires controlled access, there is a corresponding Data Access Committee (DAC) who determine access permissions. Access to actual data files is not managed by the EGA. If you need to request access to this data set, please contact:

Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute
Contact person: Data Sharing
Email: datasharing [at] sanger [dot] ac [dot] uk
Access information:
More details: EGAC00001000205


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