Whole-genome sequencing of rare disease patients in a national healthcare system

Dataset ID Technology Samples
EGAD00001006065 Illumina HiSeq 4000 1

Dataset Description

Most patients with rare diseases do not receive a molecular diagnosis and the aetiological
variants and mediating genes for more than half such disorders remain to be discovered. We
implemented whole-genome sequencing (WGS) in a national healthcare system to streamline
diagnosis and to discover unknown aetiological variants, in the coding and non-coding regions
of the genome. In a pilot study for the 100,000 Genomes Project, we generated WGS data for
13,037 participants, of whom 9,802 had a rare disease, and provided a genetic diagnosis to
1,138 of the 7,065 patients with detailed phenotypic data. We identified 95 Mendelian
associations between genes and rare diseases, of which 11 have been discovered since 2015
and at least 79 are confirmed aetiological. Using WGS of UK Biobank1, we showed that rare
alleles can explain the presence of some individuals in the tails of a quantitative red blood cell
(RBC) trait. Finally, we reported 4 novel non-coding variants which cause disease through the
disruption of transcription of ARPC1B, GATA1, LRBA and MPL. Our study demonstrates a
synergy by using WGS for diagnosis and aetiological discovery in routine healthcare.

Data Use Conditions


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Label Code Version Modifier
general research use DUO:0000042 2019-01-07
user specific restriction DUO:0000026 2019-01-07
project specific restriction DUO:0000027 2019-01-07
institution specific restriction DUO:0000028 2019-01-07
return to database or resource DUO:0000029 2019-01-07