DAC

NIHR-BR-RD DAC

Dac ID Contact Person Email Access Information
EGAC00001000259 Simon Staines simon [dot] staines [at] bioresource [dot] nihr [dot] ac [dot] uk No additional information is available

This DAC controls 24 datasets:

Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001001333 Whole exome sequencing BAM files for samples from the BRIDGE Consortium with pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants on genes linked to bleeding or platelet disorders. Illumina HiSeq 2000 28
EGAD00001002656 Whole exome sequencing BAM files and whole genome sequencing CRAM files for 722 individuals from the NIHR-BioResource Rare Diseases Consortium (SPEED project) with inherited retinal disease. Illumina HiSeq 2000 767
EGAD00001002730 SPEED - childhood dystonia KMT2B dataset Illumina HiSeq 2000 5
EGAD00001003423 Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare disorder with a poor prognosis. Deleterious variation within genes encoding components of the transforming growth factor-ß pathway underlie the majority of heritable forms of PAH. Identifying the missing genetic contribution is challenging, even with genes of large effect size, since it likely involves mutations in genes confined to small numbers of PAH cases. In this study, we performed whole genome sequencing, comparing 1038 PAH index cases to 6385 subjects with other rare diseases. Rare variant analysis identified mutations in novel causal genes, namely ATP13A3, AQP1 and SOX17, and provided independent validation of a critical role for GDF2 in PAH. We detected mutations predicted to be disruptive of function in most, but not all, previously reported PAH genes. Taken together these findings provide new insights into the molecular basis of PAH, and support a central role for endothelial dysregulation in disease pathogenesis. Illumina HiSeq 2000 371
EGAD00001004088 Multiple primary tumors (MPT) affect a substantial proportion of cancer survivors and may result from various causes including inherited predisposition. Currently, germline genetic testing of MPT cases for cancer predisposition gene (CPG) variants is mostly targeted by tumor type. We ascertained pre-assessed MPT cases from genetics centers (defined as ≥2 primaries by age 60 years or ≥3 by 70) and performed whole genome sequencing (WGS) on 460 individuals from 440 families. Despite previous negative genetic assessment/molecular investigations, pathogenic variants in moderate and high-risk CPGs were detected in 67/440 (15.2%) of probands. WGS detected variants that would not be (or were not) detected by targeted resequencing strategies including structural variants at low frequency (6/440 (1.4%) of probands). In most individuals with a germline variant assessed as pathogenic or likely pathogenic (P/LP), at least one of their tumor types was characteristic of variants in the relevant CPG. However, in 29 probands (42.2% of those with a P/LP variant) the tumor phenotype appeared discordant. The frequency of individuals with truncating or splice site CPG variants and at least one discordant tumor type was significantly higher than a control population (χ2=43.642 P=<0.0001). 2/67 (3%) of probands with P/LP variants had evidence of multiple inherited neoplasia allele syndrome (MINAS) with deleterious variants in two CPGs. Summing together variant detection rates from a similarly ascertained previous MPT case series, the present results suggest that first-line comprehensive CPG analysis in a clinical genetics referral-based MPT cohort would detect a deleterious variant in about a third of cases. Illumina HiSeq 2000 453
EGAD00001004089 SRNS unknown Illumina HiSeq 2000 4
EGAD00001004438 This dataset contains short-read WGS data of four individuals with complex structural variants from the NIHR Bioresource project. Illumina HiSeq 2000 4
EGAD00001004513 Short read whole genome sequencing (WGS) CRAM files for the NIHR BioResource Rare Diseases WGS project – Participants from the Cerebral Small Vessel Disease (CSVD) Rare Disease domain Illumina HiSeq 2000 226
EGAD00001004514 Short read whole genome sequencing (WGS) CRAM files for the NIHR BioResource Rare Diseases WGS project – Participants from the Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM) Rare Disease domain Illumina HiSeq 2000 258
EGAD00001004515 Short read whole genome sequencing (WGS) CRAM files for the NIHR BioResource Rare Diseases WGS project – Participants from the Intrahepatic Cholestasis of Pregnancy (ICP) Rare Disease domain Illumina HiSeq 2000 735
EGAD00001004516 Short read whole genome sequencing (WGS) CRAM files for the NIHR BioResource Rare Diseases WGS project – Participants from the Neuropathic Pain Disorders (NPD) Rare Disease domain Illumina HiSeq 2000 206
EGAD00001004517 Short read whole genome sequencing (WGS) CRAM files for the NIHR BioResource Rare Diseases WGS project – Participants from the Primary Membranoproliferative Glomerulonephritis (PMG) Rare Disease domain Illumina HiSeq 2000 191
EGAD00001004518 Short read whole genome sequencing (WGS) CRAM files for the NIHR BioResource Rare Diseases WGS project – Participants from the Steroid Resistant Nephrotic Syndrome (SRNS) Rare Disease domain Illumina HiSeq 2000 273
EGAD00001004519 Short read whole genome sequencing (WGS) CRAM files for the NIHR BioResource Rare Diseases WGS project – Participants from the Bleeding, Thrombotic and Platelet Disorders (BPD) Rare Disease domain Illumina HiSeq 2000 1140
EGAD00001004520 Short read whole genome sequencing (WGS) CRAM files for the NIHR BioResource Rare Diseases WGS project – Participants from the Inherited Retinal Disorders (IRD) Rare Disease domain Illumina HiSeq 2000 735
EGAD00001004521 Short read whole genome sequencing (WGS) CRAM files for the NIHR BioResource Rare Diseases WGS project – Participants from the Multiple Primary Malignant Tumours (MPMT) Rare Disease domain Illumina HiSeq 2000 623
EGAD00001004522 Short read whole genome sequencing (WGS) CRAM files for the NIHR BioResource Rare Diseases WGS project – Participants from the Neurological and Developmental Disorders (NDD) Rare Disease domain Illumina HiSeq 2000 423
EGAD00001004523 Short read whole genome sequencing (WGS) CRAM files for the NIHR BioResource Rare Diseases WGS project – Participants from the Primary Immune Disorders (PID) Rare Disease domain Illumina HiSeq 2000 1397
EGAD00001004524 Short read whole genome sequencing (WGS) CRAM files for the NIHR BioResource Rare Diseases WGS project – Participants from the Stem cell and Myeloid Disorders (SMD) Rare Disease domain Illumina HiSeq 2000 257
EGAD00001004525 Short read whole genome sequencing (WGS) CRAM files for the NIHR BioResource Rare Diseases WGS project – Participants from the Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH) Rare Disease domain Illumina HiSeq 2000 918
EGAD00001005107 To identify novel causes of hereditary thrombocytopenia, we performed a genetic association analysis of whole-genome sequencing (WGS) data from 13,037 individuals enrolled in the NIHR BioResource, including 233 cases with isolated thrombocytopenia. We found an association between rare variants in the transcription factor (TF)-encoding gene IKZF5 and thrombocytopenia. We report five causal missense variants in or near IKZF5 zinc fingers (Znfs), of which two occurred de novo and three co-segregated in three pedigrees. A canonical DNA-Znf binding model predicts that three of the variants alter DNA recognition. Expression studies showed that chromatin binding was disrupted in mutant compared to wild-type (WT) IKZF5 and electron microscopy (EM) revealed a reduced quantity of alpha granules in normally sized platelets. Proplatelet formation (PPF) was reduced in megakaryocytes (MKs) from seven cases relative to six controls. Comparison of RNA-seq data from platelets, monocytes, neutrophils and CD4+ T-cells from three cases and 14 healthy controls showed 1,194 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in platelets but only four DEGs in each of the other blood cell types. In conclusion, IKZF5 is a novel transcriptional regulator of megakaryopoiesis and the eighth transcription factor associated with dominant thrombocytopenia in humans. Illumina HiSeq 4000 51
EGAD00001005122 Short read whole genome sequencing (WGS) CRAM files for the NIHR BioResource Rare Diseases WGS project – Participants from the Leber Hereditary Optic Neuropathy (LHON) Rare Disease domain Illumina HiSeq 2000 71
EGAD00001005123 Short read whole genome sequencing (WGS) CRAM files for the NIHR BioResource Rare Diseases WGS project – Participants from the Ehler-Danlos (ED) and ED-like Syndromes (EDS) Rare Disease domain. Illumina HiSeq 2000 23
EGAD00001006065 Most patients with rare diseases do not receive a molecular diagnosis and the aetiological variants and mediating genes for more than half such disorders remain to be discovered. We implemented whole-genome sequencing (WGS) in a national healthcare system to streamline diagnosis and to discover unknown aetiological variants, in the coding and non-coding regions of the genome. In a pilot study for the 100,000 Genomes Project, we generated WGS data for 13,037 participants, of whom 9,802 had a rare disease, and provided a genetic diagnosis to 1,138 of the 7,065 patients with detailed phenotypic data. We identified 95 Mendelian associations between genes and rare diseases, of which 11 have been discovered since 2015 and at least 79 are confirmed aetiological. Using WGS of UK Biobank1, we showed that rare alleles can explain the presence of some individuals in the tails of a quantitative red blood cell (RBC) trait. Finally, we reported 4 novel non-coding variants which cause disease through the disruption of transcription of ARPC1B, GATA1, LRBA and MPL. Our study demonstrates a synergy by using WGS for diagnosis and aetiological discovery in routine healthcare. Illumina HiSeq 4000 1