Title: Divergent levels of CD112 and INKA1 define a distinct subset of human long-term hematopoietic stem cells

Dataset ID Technology Samples
EGAD00001006541 Illumina HiSeq 2500 26

Dataset Description

The data provided here was critical in establishing that human long-term hematopoietic stem cells (LT-HSC), previously described as the most primitive HSC population, is actually composed of distinct subsets that can be prospectively isolated. Via mechanistic studies centering around the Rho-GTPase effector kinase PAK4 and its inhibitor INKA1, we identified the immune checkpoint ligand CD112 as a marker for hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells, that is highest expressed on LT-HSC. More importantly, CD112 can be used to stratify functionally distinct subsets within LT-HSC: In response to regeneration-mediated stress, the CD112low subset exhibits a transient restraint (termed latency) before contributing to hematopoietic reconstitution, while the CD112high subset is primed to respond rapidly. High resolution RNA-seq of the CD112 surface expression spectrum within rare LT-HSC subsets (human umbilical cord blood) demonstrated that more genes are differentially upregulated in the deeper quiescent and less metabolic active subset. Genes enriched in this subset centre around cell adhesion and Rho-GTPase signaling. This is in agreement with the scRNAseq data from human G-CSF mobilized peripheral blood (mPB) generated here that was used as an model of in vivo activation/priming revealing via RNA-velocity and pseudo-time analysis that INKA1high versus PAK4high, CDK6high and CD112high enrichment are either detected early or late in diffusion pseudotime indicative of quiescent versus primed cell status, respectively. RNAseq following INKA1 overexpression in LT-HSC and ST-HSC revealed by GSEA an overall stemness preserving phenotype and particularly in LT-HSC, but not in ... (Show More)

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UHN Genomics Data Access Committee
Contact person: UHN DAC
Email: dac [at] uhn [dot] ca
More details: EGAC00001000912


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