Study

The evolutionary history of human colitis-associated colorectal cancer

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001003028 Other

Study Description

Inflammatory bowel disease confers an increased lifetime risk of developing colorectal cancer (CRC), and colitis-associated CRC (CA-CRC) is molecularly distinct from sporadic CRC (S-CRC). Here we have dissected the evolutionary history of CA-CRC using multi-region sequencing. Exome sequencing was performed on fresh-frozen multiple regions of carcinoma, adjacent non-cancerous mucosa and blood from 12 CA-CRC patients (n=55 exomes), and key variants were validated with orthogonal methods. Genome-wide copy number profiling was performed using SNP arrays and low-pass whole genome sequencing on archival non-dysplastic mucosa (n=9), low-grade dysplasia (LGD, n=30), high-grade dysplasia (HGD, n=13), mixed LGD/HGD (n=7) and CA-CRC (n=19). Phylogenetic trees were reconstructed, and evolutionary analysis used to reveal the temporal sequence of events leading to CA-CRC. 10/12 tumors were microsatellite stable with a median mutation burden of 3.0 single nucleotide alterations (SNAs) per Mb, around 20% higher than S-CRC (2.5 SNAs/Mb), and consistent with elevated aging-associated mutational ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 4 datasets.

Click on a Dataset ID in the table below to learn more, and to find out who to contact about access to these data

Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001004270
Genome-wide copy number profiling was performed using low-pass whole genome sequencing on archival non-dysplastic mucosa (n=9), low-grade dysplasia (LGD; n=30), high-grade dysplasia (HGD; n=13), mixed LGD/HGD (n=7) and CA-CRC (n=19).
Illumina NovaSeq 6000 81
EGAD00001004275
Exome sequencing was performed on fresh-frozen multiple regions of carcinoma, adjacent non-cancerous mucosa and blood from 12 CA-CRC patients (n=55 exomes).
Illumina Genome Analyzer II 64
EGAD00010001586
This data set contains an .Rdata file for all the processed segmentation profiles from 81 lpWGS samples included used in downstream analyses from Github repository Evo_history_CACRC. Lastly, there is an .Rdata object with 50 segmentations for 50 total samples from 25 sporadic SNP adenomas used in the comparison with colitis samples.
Low Pass Whole Genome Sequencing (LP-WGS) 131
EGAD00010001587
This dataset contains 30 idat files each from 15 SNP array runs on patient colitis-associated colorectal cancer tumours. All phenotypes are cancer. See Baker et al. 2018 Supplementary Table 2 for patient details of 12 tumours used in the analyses in the publication.
SNP array 15

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