Whole Tumor spatial heterogeneity in metastatic melanoma
|Study ID||Alternative Stable ID||Type|
Heterogeneous inter-tumoral responses, sustained periods of apparent clinical benefit despite lack of objective response to various therapies, and even spontaneous remission are well known within a subpopulation of advanced melanoma patients. The molecular and cellular dynamics facilitating long-term survival remain poorly defined, particularly in the current era ofexposure to multiple potentially active therapies. We studied an exceptional case of long-term survival in a patient with non-responding metastatic melanoma in order to characterize the clonal and microenvironmental factors.We performed immunogenomic analysis of 3 metachronous tumors, and of 67 intratumor sub-regions of one metastatic lesion, usingwhole exome sequencing, RNA-sequencing, immunohistochemistry, and T cell receptor sequencing. Longitudinal analysesidentified mutations in severalknownresistance genes affecting distinctmetastases. Intra-tumoral immune signatures revealed spatially-distinct pockets of immune activation and suppression throughout ... (Show More)
Study Datasets 4 datasets.
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We performed whole exome sequencing of 8 samples derived from a patient with metastatic melanoma. These represent six different regions of a metastatic melanoma biopsy that was treated with anti-PD-1 inhibitor, one pre-treatment biopsy that was treatment naive and one post-PD-1 inhibitor treated lesion. Exome sequencing data was generated using methods as previously described, including library preparation using the Agilent SureSelect XT Target Enrichment protocol (#5190-8646) prior to ... (Show More)
|Illumina HiSeq 2500||8|
We performed RNA sequencing of 48 different regions sub-sampled from a metastatic melanoma biopsy that was treated with anti-PD-1 inhibitor. RNAseq was performed on samples with a minimum RNA integrity number (RIN) of 5.5 except for two cases (6A10 and 8A3) with RINs greater than 3. A minimum of 700ng of RNA were required for all samples undergoing RNAseq. Paired-end transcriptome reads were aligned using TopHat2, to the UCSC hg19 reference genome.
|Illumina HiSeq 2500||48|
We performed deep targeted DNA sequencing for a panel of 265 cancer-related genes. This included subsampling 35 different regions of a metastatic melanoma biopsy that was treated with anti-PD-1 inhibitor. Samples with cancer cell purity greater than 80% based on pathologic assessment were used for cancer gene panel DNA sequencing. Mean sequencing coverage was 861x and paired-end reads in FASTQ format were generated by the Illumina pipeline and aligned to the reference human genome hg19 build ... (Show More)
|Illumina HiSeq 2500||35|
Three technical replicates of FACS-sorted T cells (CD45+CD3+) and one replicate of FACS-sorted tumor cells (MCSP+) were loaded to a targeted 10,000 cells per lane on the 10X Genomics Chromium Controler with the single cell 5’ Immune Repertoire and Gene Expression profiling kit. In total, we loaded ~30,000 individual tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and ~10,000 melanoma cells on the 10X platform (10X Genomics, CA, USA). Reverse transcription, TCR enrichment, and library preparations were ... (Show More)
|Illumina MiSeq,Illumina NovaSeq 6000||5|
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