Glioblastoma epigenome profiling identifies SOX10 as a master regulator of molecular tumour subtype

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001003953 Other

Study Description

Glioblastoma in adult patients are classified into four subtypes, IDH, MES, RTK I, and RTK II, based on DNA methylation and RNA expression data. Tumour subtype transitions commonly occur during the treatment of glioblastoma patients, and transitions to the mesenchymal (MES) subtype have been associated with therapy resistance and adverse prognosis. Here, we generate DNA methylome and histone modification data of glioblastoma primary tumours and show that glioblastoma subtypes differ by their enhancer landscapes. Using Core Regulatory Circuitry analysis of H3K27ac data, and independent analysis of RNA-derived gene regulatory networks, we identified 38 subtype master regulators whose cell type-specific activities we mapped in single-cell RNA sequencing data. These analyses identified the chromatin modifier SRY-Box 10 (SOX10) as a master regulator in tumours of the RTK I subtype. In functional studies we demonstrate that SOX10 loss causes a transition of RTK I tumour cells to a mesenchymal cellular state by altering the accessibility of enhancer-rich chromatin regions and their ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 8 datasets.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
Content: 60 GB patient tumours and 4 normal brain samples combined in pairs by region (x2=8 total input samples). RNAseq: 1 lane per sample, total strand-specific rRNA-depleted (normal samples were combined = 2 lanes/samples per brain region). WGBS: 2 lanes per sample (normal samples were combined = 2 lanes/samples per brain region). ChIPseq (histone mark): a subset of 20 GB samples were profiled. For the same modification were multiplexed and sequenced on 4 lanes each (H3K27ac, H3K4me1) or a ... (Show More)
Content: 2 GB RTK I cell lines (LN229, ZH487) in two conditions (NT control and shSOX10). RNAseq: single replicates per condition, polyA+ RNA sequencing, SE. ATACseq: biological replicates per condition, SE. ChIPseq (histone H3 modifications, LN229 only): all marks for each condition were pooled and sequenced on two lanes for each pool. ChIPseq (BRD4 and SOX10): SOX10 libraries were sequenced on single lanes. BRD4 samples were multiplexed and sequenced in two lanes. ChIPseq input samples are ... (Show More)
ATAC-seq data for 2 glioblastoma cell lines (LN229, ZH487), NT and SOX10KD.
Whole genome sequencing data for 20 human glioblastoma patients.
Whole Genome Bisulfite data for human glioblastoma patients, EGAS00001003953. 68 human samples
RNA data for human glioblastoma patients, EGAS00001003953. 64 human samples, 2 cell lines (LN229, ZH487).
ChIPseq data for human glioblastoma patients, EGAS00001003953. Mix of input, H3K27ac, H3K27me1, H3K27me3, H3K36me3, H3K4me1, H3K4me3, H3K9me3 and BRD, 20 human samples, 2 cell lines (LN229, ZH487).
Methylation microarray profiling (Illumina Human Methylation 450k and EPIC platforms) of 60 adult glioblastomas. Tumours were subtyped using the approach from Sturm et al. ( 12 IDH, 18 MES, 12 RTK I, 18 RTK II. DNA was prepared, assayed on the microarrays, and raw data computationally processed as described in Capper et al., "DNA methylation-based classification of central nervous system tumours":

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