Hypermutation of the inactive X chromosome is a frequent event in cancer
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Mutation is a fundamental process in tumorigenesis. However the degree to which the rate of somatic mutation varies across the human genome and the mechanistic basis underlying this variation remain to be fully elucidated. As part of the ICGC PedBrain and Malignant Lymphoma (MMML-Seq) consortium we performed a cross-cancer comparison of whole genomes comprising a diverse set of childhood and adult tumors including both solid and hematopoietic malignancies. In addition we performed whole genome sequencing of clonally expanded hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs) from healthy individuals to compare somatic mutation rates.
Study Datasets 3 datasets.
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Whole Genome Seq: Illumina HiSeq sequence data (with >30x coverage) were aligned to the hg19 human reference genome assembly using BWA (Li and Durbin, 2009);duplicate reads were removed from the final BAM file. No realignment or recalibration was performed. Paired-end RNA sequencing reads were mapped to the hg19 assembly of the human reference genome using BWA.Each ChIP-seq library was sequenced with two complete lanes on the Illumina HiSeq 2500 in the 101-bases paired-end rapid mode and ... (Show More)
Illumina HiSeq sequence data (with >30x coverage) were aligned to the hg19 human reference genome assembly using BWA (Li and Durbin, 2009); duplicate reads were removed from the final BAM file. No realignment or recalibration was performed. Sample derived from secondary myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), arising after treatment for medulloblastoma in an 11-year old female Li-Fraumeni syndrome case (LFS-MB1; Rausch et al., 2012; matching WGS data available under EGAS00001000085).
HSC73_clone: Bone marrow mononuclear cells from the healthy 73 years old female were thawed and labeled with Alexa-Fluor 488-conjugated anti-CD34 (581, Biolegend), Alexa-Fluor 700-conjugated anti-CD38 (HIT2, eBioscience), a cocktail of APC-conjugated lineage antibodies consisting of anti-CD4 (RPA-T4), anti-CD8 (RPA-T8), anti-CD11b (ICRF44), anti-CD20 (2H7), anti-CD56 (B159, all BD Biosciences), anti-CD14 (61D3), anti-CD19 (HIB19) and anti-CD235a (HIR2, all eBiocience) and 1 micro-gram/ml ... (Show More)
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